 # Excel Functions

A complete list of Excel functions, and short videos show how to use popular Excel functions.

Popular Excel Functions

Excel Function Videos

Interactive Excel Functions List

## Popular Excel Functions

These tutorials show how to use some of the most popular Excel functions.

Count cells

INDEX and MATCH

MIN and MAX

Sum cells

VLOOKUP

## Excel Function Videos

Click to start the Functions video playlist. Or, at the bottom left of the video, click "Playlist", and click on a video thumbnail to start that video.

## Interactive Excel Functions List

Below is an interactive list of all the Excel functions.

• Click a heading cell, to sort by that column.
• Change the number of items shown per page
• Type in the Search box to filter the list.

Function

Category

Description

ABS

Math Trig

Returns the absolute value of a number

ACCRINT

Financial

Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest

ACCRINTM

Financial

Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity

ACOS

Math Trig

Returns the arccosine of a number

ACOSH

Math Trig

Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number

ACOT

Math Trig

2013

Returns the arccotangent of a number

ACOTH

Math Trig

2013

Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number

Lookup Ref

Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet

Math Trig

2010

Returns an aggregate in a list or database

AMORDEGRC

Financial

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient

AMORLINC

Financial

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period

AND

Logical

Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE

ARABIC

Math Trig

2013

Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number

AREAS

Lookup Ref

Returns the number of areas in a reference

ASC

Text

Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters

ASIN

Math Trig

Returns the arcsine of a number

ASINH

Math Trig

Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number

ATAN

Math Trig

Returns the arctangent of a number

ATAN2

Math Trig

Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates

ATANH

Math Trig

Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number

AVEDEV

Statistical

Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean

AVERAGE

Statistical

Returns the average of its arguments

AVERAGEA

Statistical

Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

AVERAGEIF

Statistical

2007

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria

AVERAGEIFS

Statistical

2007

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.

BAHTTEXT

Text

Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format

BASE

Math Trig

2013

Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)

BESSELI

Eng

Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)

BESSELJ

Eng

Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)

BESSELK

Eng

Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)

BESSELY

Eng

Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)

BETA.DIST

Statistical

Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

BETA.INV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

Statistical

Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

BETAINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

BIN2DEC

Eng

Converts a binary number to decimal

BIN2HEX

Eng

Converts a binary number to hexadecimal

BIN2OCT

Eng

Converts a binary number to octal

BINOM.DIST

Statistical

Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

BINOM.DIST.RANGE

Statistical

2013

Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution

BINOM.INV

Statistical

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

BINOMDIST

Statistical

Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

BITAND

Eng

2013

Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers

BITLSHIFT

Eng

2013

Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits

BITOR

Eng

2013

Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers

BITRSHIFT

Eng

2013

Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits

BITXOR

Eng

2013

Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers

CALL

Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

CEILING

Math Trig

Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.MATH

Math Trig

2013

Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

CEILING.PRECISE

Math Trig

2010

Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

CELL

Info

Returns Info about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

CHAR

Text

Returns the character specified by the code number

CHIDIST

Statistical

Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHIINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.DIST

Statistical

2010

Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.DIST.RT

Statistical

Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.INV

Statistical

2010

Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

CHISQ.INV.RT

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHISQ.TEST

Statistical

Returns the test for independence

CHITEST

Statistical

Returns the test for independence

CHOOSE

Lookup Ref

Chooses a value from a list of values

CLEAN

Text

Removes all nonprintable characters from text

CODE

Text

Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string

COLUMN

Lookup Ref

Returns the column number of a reference

COLUMNS

Lookup Ref

Returns the number of columns in a reference

COMBIN

Math Trig

Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects

COMBINA

Math Trig

2013

Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items

COMPLEX

Eng

Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number

CONCATText2019Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn't provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments.

CONCATENATE

Text

Joins several text items into one text item

CONFIDENCE

Statistical

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CONFIDENCE.NORM

Statistical

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CONFIDENCE.T

Statistical

2010

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution

CONVERT

Eng

Converts a number from one measurement system to another

CORREL

Statistical

Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets

COS

Math Trig

Returns the cosine of a number

COSH

Math Trig

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COT

Math Trig

2013

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COTH

Math Trig

2013

Returns the cotangent of an angle

COUNT

Statistical

Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments

COUNTA

Statistical

Counts how many values are in the list of arguments

COUNTBLANK

Statistical

Counts the number of blank cells within a range

COUNTIF

Statistical

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria

COUNTIFS

Statistical

2007

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria

COUPDAYBS

Financial

Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date

COUPDAYS

Financial

Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date

COUPDAYSNC

Financial

Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date

COUPNCD

Financial

Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date

COUPNUM

Financial

Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date

COUPPCD

Financial

Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date

COVAR

Statistical

Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

COVARIANCE.P

Statistical

Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

COVARIANCE.S

Statistical

2010

Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets

CRITBINOM

Statistical

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

CSC

Math Trig

2013

Returns the cosecant of an angle

CSCH

Math Trig

2013

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle

CUBEKPIMEMBER

Cube

2007

Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.

CUBEMEMBER

Cube

2007

Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY

Cube

2007

Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.

CUBERANKEDMEMBER

Cube

2007

Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.

CUBESET

Cube

2007

Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.

CUBESETCOUNT

Cube

2007

Returns the number of items in a set.

CUBEVALUE

Cube

2007

Returns an aggregated value from a cube.

CUMIPMT

Financial

Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods

CUMPRINC

Financial

Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods

DATE

Date and time

Returns the serial number of a particular date

DATEVALUE

Date and time

Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number

DAVERAGE

Database

Returns the average of selected database entries

DAY

Date and time

Converts a serial number to a day of the month

DAYS

Date and time

2013

Returns the number of days between two dates

DAYS360

Date and time

Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year

DB

Financial

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method

DCOUNT

Database

Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database

DCOUNTA

Database

Counts nonblank cells in a database

DDB

Financial

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify

DEC2BIN

Eng

Converts a decimal number to binary

DEC2HEX

Eng

Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal

DEC2OCT

Eng

Converts a decimal number to octal

DECIMAL

Math Trig

2013

Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number

DEGREES

Math Trig

DELTA

Eng

Tests whether two values are equal

DEVSQ

Statistical

Returns the sum of squares of deviations

DGET

Database

Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria

DISC

Financial

Returns the discount rate for a security

DMAX

Database

Returns the maximum value from selected database entries

DMIN

Database

Returns the minimum value from selected database entries

DOLLAR

Text

Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format

DOLLARDE

Financial

Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number

DOLLARFR

Financial

Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction

DPRODUCT

Database

Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database

DSTDEV

Database

Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries

DSTDEVP

Database

Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries

DSUM

Database

Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria

DURATION

Financial

Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments

DVAR

Database

Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries

DVARP

Database

Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

EDATE

Date and time

Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date

EFFECT

Financial

Returns the effective annual interest rate

ENCODEURL

Web

2013

Returns a URL-encoded string

EOMONTH

Date and time

Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months

ERF

Eng

Returns the error function

ERF.PRECISE

Eng

2010

Returns the error function

ERFC

Eng

Returns the complementary error function

ERFC.PRECISE

Eng

2010

Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity

ERROR.TYPE

Info

Returns a number corresponding to an error type

EUROCONVERT

Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation).

EVEN

Math Trig

Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer

EXACT

Text

Checks to see if two text values are identical

EXP

Math Trig

Returns e raised to the power of a given number

EXPON.DIST

Statistical

Returns the exponential distribution

EXPONDIST

Statistical

Returns the exponential distribution

F.DIST

Statistical

2010

Returns the F probability distribution

F.DIST.RT

Statistical

Returns the F probability distribution

F.INV

Statistical

2010

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.INV.RT

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.TEST

Statistical

Returns the result of an F-test

FACT

Math Trig

Returns the factorial of a number

FACTDOUBLE

Math Trig

Returns the double factorial of a number

FALSE

Logical

Returns the logical value FALSE

FDIST

Statistical

Returns the F probability distribution

FILTERLookup RefO365Filters a range of data based on criteria you define

FILTERXML

Web

2013

Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

FIND, FINDB

Text

Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)

FINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

FISHER

Statistical

Returns the Fisher transformation

FISHERINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation

FIXED

Text

Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals

FLOOR

Math Trig

Rounds a number down, toward zero

FLOOR.MATH

Math Trig

2013

Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

FLOOR. PRECISE

Math Trig

2010

Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

FORECAST

Statistical

Returns a value along a linear trend

FORECAST. ETS Stat2016Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm
FORECAST. ETS. CONFINT Stat2016Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date
FORECAST. ETS. SEASONALITY Stat2016Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series
FORECAST. ETS. STAT Stat2016Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting
FORECAST. LINEAR Stat2016Returns a future value based on existing values
IFSLogical2019Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition.

FORMULATEXT

Lookup Ref

2013

Returns the formula at the given reference as text

FREQUENCY

Statistical

Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array

FTEST

Statistical

Returns the result of an F-test

FV

Financial

Returns the future value of an investment

FVSCHEDULE

Financial

Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates

GAMMA

Statistical

2013

Returns the Gamma function value

GAMMA.DIST

Statistical

Returns the gamma distribution

GAMMA.INV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Statistical

Returns the gamma distribution

GAMMAINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

GAMMALN

Statistical

Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x)

GAMMALN. PRECISE

Statistical

2010

Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x)

GAUSS

Statistical

2013

Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution

GCD

Math Trig

Returns the greatest common divisor

GEOMEAN

Statistical

Returns the geometric mean

GESTEP

Eng

Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value

GETPIVOTDATA

Returns data stored in a PivotTable report

GROWTH

Statistical

Returns values along an exponential trend

HARMEAN

Statistical

Returns the harmonic mean

HEX2BIN

Eng

Converts a hexadecimal number to binary

HEX2DEC

Eng

Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal

HEX2OCT

Eng

Converts a hexadecimal number to octal

HLOOKUP

Lookup Ref

Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell

HOUR

Date and time

Converts a serial number to an hour

Lookup Ref

Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet

HYPGEOM.DIST

Statistical

Returns the hypergeometric distribution

HYPGEOMDIST

Statistical

Returns the hypergeometric distribution

IF

Logical

Specifies a logical test to perform

IFERROR

Logical

2007

Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula

IFNA

Logical

2013

Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression

IMABS

Eng

Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number

IMAGINARY

Eng

Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number

IMARGUMENT

Eng

Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians

IMCONJUGATE

Eng

Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number

IMCOS

Eng

Returns the cosine of a complex number

IMCOSH

Eng

2013

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number

IMCOT

Eng

2013

Returns the cotangent of a complex number

IMCSC

Eng

2013

Returns the cosecant of a complex number

IMCSCH

Eng

2013

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number

IMDIV

Eng

Returns the quotient of two complex numbers

IMEXP

Eng

Returns the exponential of a complex number

IMLN

Eng

Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG10

Eng

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG2

Eng

Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number

IMPOWER

Eng

Returns a complex number raised to an integer power

IMPRODUCT

Eng

Returns the product of complex numbers

IMREAL

Eng

Returns the real coefficient of a complex number

IMSEC

Eng

2013

Returns the secant of a complex number

IMSECH

Eng

2013

Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number

IMSIN

Eng

Returns the sine of a complex number

IMSINH

Eng

2013

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number

IMSQRT

Eng

Returns the square root of a complex number

IMSUB

Eng

Returns the difference between two complex numbers

IMSUM

Eng

Returns the sum of complex numbers

IMTAN

Eng

2013

Returns the tangent of a complex number

INDEX

Lookup Ref

Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array

INDIRECT

Lookup Ref

Returns a reference indicated by a text value

INFO

Info

Returns Info about the current operating environment

INT

Math Trig

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

INTERCEPT

Statistical

Returns the intercept of the linear regression line

INTRATE

Financial

Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security

IPMT

Financial

Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period

IRR

Financial

Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows

ISBLANK

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is blank

ISERR

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A

ISERROR

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is any error value

ISEVEN

Info

Returns TRUE if the number is even

ISFORMULA

Info

2013

Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula

ISLOGICAL

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value

ISNA

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value

ISNONTEXT

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is not text

ISNUMBER

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is a number

ISO.CEILING

Math Trig

2010

Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

ISODD

Info

Returns TRUE if the number is odd

ISOWEEKNUM

Date and time

2013

Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date

ISPMT

Financial

Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment

ISREF

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is a reference

ISTEXT

Info

Returns TRUE if the value is text

JIS

Text

Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters

KURT

Statistical

Returns the kurtosis of a data set

LARGE

Statistical

Returns the k-th largest value in a data set

LCM

Math Trig

Returns the least common multiple

LEFT, LEFTB

Text

Returns the leftmost characters from a text value

LEN, LENB

Text

Returns the number of characters in a text string

LINEST

Statistical

Returns the parameters of a linear trend

LN

Math Trig

Returns the natural logarithm of a number

LOG

Math Trig

Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base

LOG10

Math Trig

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number

LOGEST

Statistical

Returns the parameters of an exponential trend

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

LOGNORM.DIST

Statistical

Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

LOGNORM.INV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

LOGNORMDIST

Statistical

Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

LOOKUP

Lookup Ref

Looks up values in a vector or array

LOWER

Text

Converts text to lowercase

MATCH

Lookup Ref

Looks up values in a reference or array

MAX

Statistical

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments

MAXA

Statistical

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MAXIFSStat2019Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

MDETERM

Math Trig

Returns the matrix determinant of an array

MDURATION

Financial

Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100

MEDIAN

Statistical

Returns the median of the given numbers

MID, MIDB

Text

Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify

MIN

Statistical

Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments

MINA

Statistical

Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MINIFSStat2019Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

MINUTE

Date and time

Converts a serial number to a minute

MINVERSE

Math Trig

Returns the matrix inverse of an array

MIRR

Financial

Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates

MMULT

Math Trig

Returns the matrix product of two arrays

MOD

Math Trig

Returns the remainder from division

MODE

Statistical

Returns the most common value in a data set

MODE.MULT

Statistical

2010

Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data

MODE.SNGL

Statistical

Returns the most common value in a data set

MONTH

Date and time

Converts a serial number to a month

MROUND

Math Trig

Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple

MULTINOMIAL

Math Trig

Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers

MUNIT

Math Trig

2013

Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension

N

Info

Returns a value converted to a number

NA

Info

Returns the error value #N/A

NEGBINOM.DIST

Statistical

Returns the negative binomial distribution

NEGBINOMDIST

Statistical

Returns the negative binomial distribution

NETWORKDAYS

Date and time

Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates

NETWORKDAYS.INTL

Date and time

2010

Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

NOMINAL

Financial

Returns the annual nominal interest rate

NORM.DIST

Statistical

Returns the normal cumulative distribution

NORM.INV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

NORM.S.DIST

Statistical

Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORM.S.INV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORMDIST

Statistical

Returns the normal cumulative distribution

NORMINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

NORMSDIST

Statistical

Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORMSINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

NOT

Logical

Reverses the logic of its argument

NOW

Date and time

Returns the serial number of the current date and time

NPER

Financial

Returns the number of periods for an investment

NPV

Financial

Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate

NUMBERVALUE

Text

2013

Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner

OCT2BIN

Eng

Converts an octal number to binary

OCT2DEC

Eng

Converts an octal number to decimal

OCT2HEX

Eng

Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

ODD

Math Trig

Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer

ODDFPRICE

Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period

ODDFYIELD

Financial

Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period

ODDLPRICE

Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period

ODDLYIELD

Financial

Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period

OFFSET

Lookup Ref

Returns a reference offset from a given reference

OR

Logical

Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE

PDURATION

Financial

2013

Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value

PEARSON

Statistical

Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

PERCENTILE

Statistical

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

PERCENTILE.EXC

Statistical

2010

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive

PERCENTILE.INC

Statistical

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

PERCENTRANK

Statistical

Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

PERCENTRANK.EXC

Statistical

2010

Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set

PERCENTRANK.INC

Statistical

Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

PERMUT

Statistical

Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects

PERMUTATIONA

Statistical

2013

Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects

PHI

Statistical

2013

Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution

PHONETIC

Text

Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string

PI

Math Trig

Returns the value of pi

PMT

Financial

Returns the periodic payment for an annuity

POISSON

Statistical

Returns the Poisson distribution

POISSON.DIST

Statistical

Returns the Poisson distribution

POWER

Math Trig

Returns the result of a number raised to a power

PPMT

Financial

Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period

PRICE

Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest

PRICEDISC

Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security

PRICEMAT

Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity

PROB

Statistical

Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits

PRODUCT

Math Trig

Multiplies its arguments

PROPER

Text

Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value

PV

Financial

Returns the present value of an investment

QUARTILE

Statistical

Returns the quartile of a data set

QUARTILE.EXC

Statistical

2010

Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive

QUARTILE.INC

Statistical

Returns the quartile of a data set

QUOTIENT

Math Trig

Returns the integer portion of a division

Math Trig

RAND

Math Trig

Returns a random number between 0 and 1

RANDARRAYMath TrigO365Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1. However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values.

RANDBETWEEN

Math Trig

Returns a random number between the numbers you specify

RANK

Statistical

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RANK.AVG

Statistical

2010

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RANK.EQ

Statistical

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

RATE

Financial

Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity

Financial

Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security

REGISTER.ID

Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered

REPLACE, REPLACEB

Text

Replaces characters within text

REPT

Text

Repeats text a given number of times

RIGHT, RIGHTB

Text

Returns the rightmost characters from a text value

ROMAN

Math Trig

Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text

ROUND

Math Trig

Rounds a number to a specified number of digits

ROUNDDOWN

Math Trig

Rounds a number down, toward zero

ROUNDUP

Math Trig

Rounds a number up, away from zero

ROW

Lookup Ref

Returns the row number of a reference

ROWS

Lookup Ref

Returns the number of rows in a reference

RRI

Financial

2013

Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment

RSQ

Statistical

Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

RTD

Lookup Ref

Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation

SEARCH, SEARCHB

Text

Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)

SEC

Math Trig

2013

Returns the secant of an angle

SECH

Math Trig

2013

Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle

SECOND

Date and time

Converts a serial number to a second

SEQUENCEMath TrigO365Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4

SERIESSUM

Math Trig

Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula

SHEET

Info

2013

Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet

SHEETS

Info

2013

Returns the number of sheets in a reference

SIGN

Math Trig

Returns the sign of a number

SIN

Math Trig

Returns the sine of the given angle

SINH

Math Trig

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number

SKEW

Statistical

Returns the skewness of a distribution

SKEW.P

Statistical

2013

Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population; a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean

SLN

Financial

Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period

SLOPE

Statistical

Returns the slope of the linear regression line

SMALL

Statistical

Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set

SORTLookup RefO365Sorts the contents of a range or array
SORTBYLookup RefO365Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array

SQL.REQUEST

Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming

SQRT

Math Trig

Returns a positive square root

SQRTPI

Math Trig

Returns the square root of (number * pi)

STANDARDIZE

Statistical

Returns a normalized value

STDEV

Statistical

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEV.P

Statistical

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

STDEV.S

Statistical

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEVA

Statistical

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

STDEVP

Statistical

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

STDEVPA

Statistical

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

STEYX

Statistical

Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression

SUBSTITUTE

Text

Substitutes new text for old text in a text string

SUBTOTAL

Math Trig

Returns a subtotal in a list or database

SUM

Math Trig

SUMIF

Math Trig

Adds the cells specified by a given criteria

SUMIFS

Math Trig

2007

Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria

SUMPRODUCT

Math Trig

Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components

SUMSQ

Math Trig

Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments

SUMX2MY2

Math Trig

Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMX2PY2

Math Trig

Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMXMY2

Math Trig

Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays

SWITCHLogical2016Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned.

SYD

Financial

Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

T

Text

Converts its arguments to text

T.DIST

Statistical

2010

Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.2T

Statistical

Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.RT

Statistical

Returns the Student's t-distribution

T.INV

Statistical

2010

Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom

T.INV.2T

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

T.TEST

Statistical

Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

TAN

Math Trig

Returns the tangent of a number

TANH

Math Trig

Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number

TBILLEQ

Financial

Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill

TBILLPRICE

Financial

Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill

TBILLYIELD

Financial

Returns the yield for a Treasury bill

TDIST

Statistical

Returns the Student's t-distribution

TEXT

Text

Formats a number and converts it to text

TEXTJOINText2019Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined. If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges.

TIME

Date and time

Returns the serial number of a particular time

TIMEVALUE

Date and time

Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number

TINV

Statistical

Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

TODAY

Date and time

Returns the serial number of today's date

TRANSPOSE

Lookup Ref

Returns the transpose of an array

TREND

Statistical

Returns values along a linear trend

TRIM

Text

Removes spaces from text

TRIMMEAN

Statistical

Returns the mean of the interior of a data set

TRUE

Logical

Returns the logical value TRUE

TRUNC

Math Trig

Truncates a number to an integer

TTEST

Statistical

Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

TYPE

Info

Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

UNICHAR

Text

2013

Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value

UNICODE

Text

2013

Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text

UNIQUELookup RefO365Returns a list of unique values in a list or range

UPPER

Text

Converts text to uppercase

VALUE

Text

Converts a text argument to a number

VAR

Statistical

Estimates variance based on a sample

VAR.P

Statistical

Calculates variance based on the entire population

VAR.S

Statistical

Estimates variance based on a sample

VARA

Statistical

Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

VARP

Statistical

Calculates variance based on the entire population

VARPA

Statistical

Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

VDB

Financial

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method

VLOOKUP

Lookup Ref

Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

WEBSERVICE

Web

2013

Returns data from a web service.

WEEKDAY

Date and time

Converts a serial number to a day of the week

WEEKNUM

Date and time

Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year

WEIBULL

Statistical

Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

WEIBULL.DIST

Statistical

Returns the Weibull distribution

WORKDAY

Date and time

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays

WORKDAY.INTL

Date and time

2010

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

XIRR

Financial

Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

XLOOKUPLookup RefO365 Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. If a match doesn't exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match.
XMATCHLookup RefO365 Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells.

XNPV

Financial

Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

XOR

Logical

2013

Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments

YEAR

Date and time

Converts a serial number to a year

YEARFRAC

Date and time

Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

YIELD

Financial

Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest

YIELDDISC

Financial

Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill

YIELDMAT

Financial

Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

Z.TEST

Statistical

Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

ZTEST

Statistical

Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

30 Excel Functions in 30 Days

Getting Started With Formulas

Excel Error Values

Count cells

INDEX and MATCH

INDIRECT

MIN and MAX

Sum cells

VLOOKUP

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