A complete list of Excel functions, and short videos show how to use popular Excel functions.
Interactive Excel Functions List
These tutorials show how to use some of the most popular Excel functions.
Click to start the Functions video playlist. Or, at the bottom left of the video, click "Playlist", and click on a video thumbnail to start that video.
Below is an interactive list of all the Excel functions.
Function 
Category 
Compatibility 
Version Added 
30XL 30D 
Not in Web App 
Description 

ABS 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the absolute value of a number 
ACCRINT 
Financial 




Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest 
ACCRINTM 
Financial 




Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity 
ACOS 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the arccosine of a number 
ACOSH 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number 
ACOT 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the arccotangent of a number 
ACOTH 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number 
Lookup and reference 



Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet 

Math and trigonometry 

2010 


Returns an aggregate in a list or database 

AMORDEGRC 
Financial 




Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient 
AMORLINC 
Financial 




Returns the depreciation for each accounting period 
Logical 




Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE 

ARABIC 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number 
Lookup and reference 



Returns the number of areas in a reference 

ASC 
Text 




Changes fullwidth (doublebyte) English letters or katakana within a character string to halfwidth (singlebyte) characters 
ASIN 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the arcsine of a number 
ASINH 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number 
ATAN 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the arctangent of a number 
ATAN2 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the arctangent from x and ycoordinates 
ATANH 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number 
AVEDEV 
Statistical 




Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean 
Statistical 




Returns the average of its arguments 

Statistical 




Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values 

Statistical 

2007 


Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria 

Statistical 

2007 


Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. 

BAHTTEXT 
Text 




Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format 
BASE 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) 
BESSELI 
Engineering 




Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) 
BESSELJ 
Engineering 




Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) 
BESSELK 
Engineering 




Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) 
BESSELY 
Engineering 




Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) 
BETA.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the beta cumulative distribution function 
BETA.INV 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution 
BETADIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the beta cumulative distribution function 
BETAINV 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution 
BIN2DEC 
Engineering 




Converts a binary number to decimal 
BIN2HEX 
Engineering 




Converts a binary number to hexadecimal 
BIN2OCT 
Engineering 




Converts a binary number to octal 
BINOM.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability 
BINOM.DIST.RANGE 
Statistical 

2013 


Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution 
BINOM.INV 
Statistical 




Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value 
BINOMDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability 
BITAND 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers 
BITLSHIFT 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits 
BITOR 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers 
BITRSHIFT 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits 
BITXOR 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers 
CALL 
Addin and Automation 




Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource 
Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance 

CEILING.MATH 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance 
CEILING.PRECISE 
Math and trigonometry 

2010 


Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. 
Information 


x 
Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell 

Text 



Returns the character specified by the code number 

CHIDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the onetailed probability of the chisquared distribution 
CHIINV 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the inverse of the onetailed probability of the chisquared distribution 
CHISQ.DIST 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the cumulative beta probability density function 
CHISQ.DIST.RT 
Statistical 




Returns the onetailed probability of the chisquared distribution 
CHISQ.INV 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the cumulative beta probability density function 
CHISQ.INV.RT 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the onetailed probability of the chisquared distribution 
CHISQ.TEST 
Statistical 




Returns the test for independence 
CHITEST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the test for independence 
Lookup and reference 



Chooses a value from a list of values 

Text 



Removes all nonprintable characters from text 

Text 



Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string 

COLUMN 
Lookup and reference 




Returns the column number of a reference 
Lookup and reference 



Returns the number of columns in a reference 

COMBIN 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects 
COMBINA 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items 
COMPLEX 
Engineering 




Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number 
CONCATENATE 
Text 




Joins several text items into one text item 
CONFIDENCE 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the confidence interval for a population mean 
CONFIDENCE.NORM 
Statistical 




Returns the confidence interval for a population mean 
CONFIDENCE.T 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution 
Engineering 




Converts a number from one measurement system to another 

CORREL 
Statistical 




Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets 
COS 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the cosine of a number 
COSH 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number 
COT 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number 
COTH 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the cotangent of an angle 
Statistical 




Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments 

Statistical 




Counts how many values are in the list of arguments 

Statistical 




Counts the number of blank cells within a range 

Statistical 




Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria 

Statistical 

2007 


Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria 

COUPDAYBS 
Financial 




Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date 
COUPDAYS 
Financial 




Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date 
COUPDAYSNC 
Financial 




Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date 
COUPNCD 
Financial 




Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date 
COUPNUM 
Financial 




Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date 
COUPPCD 
Financial 




Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date 
COVAR 
Statistical 
x 



Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations 
COVARIANCE.P 
Statistical 




Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations 
COVARIANCE.S 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets 
CRITBINOM 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value 
CSC 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the cosecant of an angle 
CSCH 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle 
CUBEKPIMEMBER 
Cube 

2007 


Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance. 
CUBEMEMBER 
Cube 

2007 


Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. 
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY 
Cube 

2007 


Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. 
CUBERANKEDMEMBER 
Cube 

2007 


Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. 
CUBESET 
Cube 

2007 


Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. 
CUBESETCOUNT 
Cube 

2007 


Returns the number of items in a set. 
CUBEVALUE 
Cube 

2007 


Returns an aggregated value from a cube. 
CUMIPMT 
Financial 




Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods 
CUMPRINC 
Financial 




Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods 
Date and time 




Returns the serial number of a particular date 

Date and time 




Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number 

DAVERAGE 
Database 




Returns the average of selected database entries 
Date and time 




Converts a serial number to a day of the month 

DAYS 
Date and time 

2013 


Returns the number of days between two dates 
DAYS360 
Date and time 




Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360day year 
DB 
Financial 




Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixeddeclining balance method 
DCOUNT 
Database 




Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database 
DCOUNTA 
Database 




Counts nonblank cells in a database 
DDB 
Financial 




Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the doubledeclining balance method or some other method that you specify 
DEC2BIN 
Engineering 




Converts a decimal number to binary 
DEC2HEX 
Engineering 




Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal 
DEC2OCT 
Engineering 




Converts a decimal number to octal 
DECIMAL 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number 
DEGREES 
Math and trigonometry 




Converts radians to degrees 
DELTA 
Engineering 




Tests whether two values are equal 
DEVSQ 
Statistical 




Returns the sum of squares of deviations 
DGET 
Database 




Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria 
DISC 
Financial 




Returns the discount rate for a security 
DMAX 
Database 




Returns the maximum value from selected database entries 
DMIN 
Database 




Returns the minimum value from selected database entries 
DOLLAR 
Text 




Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format 
DOLLARDE 
Financial 




Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number 
DOLLARFR 
Financial 




Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction 
DPRODUCT 
Database 




Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database 
DSTDEV 
Database 




Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries 
DSTDEVP 
Database 




Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries 
Database 




Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria 

DURATION 
Financial 




Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments 
DVAR 
Database 




Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries 
DVARP 
Database 




Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries 
EDATE 
Date and time 




Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date 
EFFECT 
Financial 




Returns the effective annual interest rate 
ENCODEURL 
Web 

2013 


Returns a URLencoded string 
EOMONTH 
Date and time 




Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months 
ERF 
Engineering 




Returns the error function 
ERF.PRECISE 
Engineering 

2010 


Returns the error function 
ERFC 
Engineering 




Returns the complementary error function 
ERFC.PRECISE 
Engineering 

2010 


Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity 
Information 



Returns a number corresponding to an error type 

EUROCONVERT 
Addin and Automation 




Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation). 
EVEN 
Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer 
Text 



Checks to see if two text values are identical 

EXP 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns e raised to the power of a given number 
EXPON.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the exponential distribution 
EXPONDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the exponential distribution 
F.DIST 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the F probability distribution 
F.DIST.RT 
Statistical 




Returns the F probability distribution 
F.INV 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution 
F.INV.RT 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution 
F.TEST 
Statistical 




Returns the result of an Ftest 
FACT 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the factorial of a number 
FACTDOUBLE 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the double factorial of a number 
FALSE 
Logical 




Returns the logical value FALSE 
FDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the F probability distribution 
FILTERXML 
Web 

2013 


Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath 
Text 



Finds one text value within another (casesensitive) 

FINV 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution 
FISHER 
Statistical 




Returns the Fisher transformation 
FISHERINV 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation 
Text 



Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals 

Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number down, toward zero 

FLOOR.MATH 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance 
FLOOR.PRECISE 
Math and trigonometry 

2010 


Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. 
FORECAST 
Statistical 




Returns a value along a linear trend 
Lookup and reference 

2013 


Returns the formula at the given reference as text 

FREQUENCY 
Statistical 




Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array 
FTEST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the result of an Ftest 
FV 
Financial 




Returns the future value of an investment 
FVSCHEDULE 
Financial 




Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates 
GAMMA 
Statistical 

2013 


Returns the Gamma function value 
GAMMA.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the gamma distribution 
GAMMA.INV 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution 
GAMMADIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the gamma distribution 
GAMMAINV 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution 
GAMMALN 
Statistical 




Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x) 
GAMMALN.PRECISE 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x) 
GAUSS 
Statistical 

2013 


Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the greatest common divisor 

GEOMEAN 
Statistical 




Returns the geometric mean 
GESTEP 
Engineering 




Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value 
Addin and Automation 




Returns data stored in a PivotTable report 

GROWTH 
Statistical 




Returns values along an exponential trend 
HARMEAN 
Statistical 




Returns the harmonic mean 
HEX2BIN 
Engineering 




Converts a hexadecimal number to binary 
HEX2DEC 
Engineering 




Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal 
HEX2OCT 
Engineering 




Converts a hexadecimal number to octal 
Lookup and reference 



Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell 

HOUR 
Date and time 




Converts a serial number to an hour 
Lookup and reference 



Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet 

HYPGEOM.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the hypergeometric distribution 
HYPGEOMDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the hypergeometric distribution 
Logical 




Specifies a logical test to perform 

Logical 

2007 


Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula 

IFNA 
Logical 

2013 


Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression 
IMABS 
Engineering 




Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number 
IMAGINARY 
Engineering 




Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number 
IMARGUMENT 
Engineering 




Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians 
IMCONJUGATE 
Engineering 




Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number 
IMCOS 
Engineering 




Returns the cosine of a complex number 
IMCOSH 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number 
IMCOT 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the cotangent of a complex number 
IMCSC 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the cosecant of a complex number 
IMCSCH 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number 
IMDIV 
Engineering 




Returns the quotient of two complex numbers 
IMEXP 
Engineering 




Returns the exponential of a complex number 
IMLN 
Engineering 




Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number 
IMLOG10 
Engineering 




Returns the base10 logarithm of a complex number 
IMLOG2 
Engineering 




Returns the base2 logarithm of a complex number 
IMPOWER 
Engineering 




Returns a complex number raised to an integer power 
IMPRODUCT 
Engineering 




Returns the product of complex numbers 
IMREAL 
Engineering 




Returns the real coefficient of a complex number 
IMSEC 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the secant of a complex number 
IMSECH 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number 
IMSIN 
Engineering 




Returns the sine of a complex number 
IMSINH 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number 
IMSQRT 
Engineering 




Returns the square root of a complex number 
IMSUB 
Engineering 




Returns the difference between two complex numbers 
IMSUM 
Engineering 




Returns the sum of complex numbers 
IMTAN 
Engineering 

2013 


Returns the tangent of a complex number 
Lookup and reference 



Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array 

Lookup and reference 



Returns a reference indicated by a text value 

Information 


x 
Returns information about the current operating environment 

Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number down to the nearest integer 

INTERCEPT 
Statistical 




Returns the intercept of the linear regression line 
INTRATE 
Financial 




Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security 
IPMT 
Financial 




Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period 
IRR 
Financial 




Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows 
Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is blank 

Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A 

Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is any error value 

ISEVEN 
Information 




Returns TRUE if the number is even 
Information 

2013 


Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula 

Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value 

Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value 

Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is not text 

Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is a number 

ISO.CEILING 
Math and trigonometry 

2010 


Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance 
ISODD 
Information 




Returns TRUE if the number is odd 
ISOWEEKNUM 
Date and time 

2013 


Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date 
ISPMT 
Financial 




Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment 
Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is a reference 

Information 




Returns TRUE if the value is text 

JIS 
Text 




Changes halfwidth (singlebyte) English letters or katakana within a character string to fullwidth (doublebyte) characters 
KURT 
Statistical 




Returns the kurtosis of a data set 
Statistical 




Returns the kth largest value in a data set 

LCM 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the least common multiple 
Text 




Returns the leftmost characters from a text value 

Text 




Returns the number of characters in a text string 

LINEST 
Statistical 




Returns the parameters of a linear trend 
LN 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the natural logarithm of a number 
LOG 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base 
LOG10 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the base10 logarithm of a number 
LOGEST 
Statistical 




Returns the parameters of an exponential trend 
LOGINV 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution 
LOGNORM.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution 
LOGNORM.INV 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution 
LOGNORMDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution 
Lookup and reference 



Looks up values in a vector or array 

LOWER 
Text 




Converts text to lowercase 
Lookup and reference 



Looks up values in a reference or array 

Statistical 




Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments 

MAXA 
Statistical 




Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values 
MDETERM 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the matrix determinant of an array 
MDURATION 
Financial 




Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 
Statistical 




Returns the median of the given numbers 

Text 




Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify 

Statistical 




Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments 

MINA 
Statistical 




Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values 
Date and time 




Converts a serial number to a minute 

MINVERSE 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the matrix inverse of an array 
MIRR 
Financial 




Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates 
MMULT 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the matrix product of two arrays 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the remainder from division 

MODE 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the most common value in a data set 
MODE.MULT 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data 
MODE.SNGL 
Statistical 




Returns the most common value in a data set 
Date and time 




Converts a serial number to a month 

Math and trigonometry 




Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple 

MULTINOMIAL 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers 
MUNIT 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension 
Information 



Returns a value converted to a number 

Information 




Returns the error value #N/A 

NEGBINOM.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the negative binomial distribution 
NEGBINOMDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the negative binomial distribution 
NETWORKDAYS 
Date and time 




Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates 
NETWORKDAYS.INTL 
Date and time 

2010 


Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days 
NOMINAL 
Financial 




Returns the annual nominal interest rate 
NORM.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the normal cumulative distribution 
NORM.INV 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution 
NORM.S.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution 
NORM.S.INV 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution 
NORMDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the normal cumulative distribution 
NORMINV 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution 
NORMSDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution 
NORMSINV 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution 
NOT 
Logical 




Reverses the logic of its argument 
NOW 
Date and time 




Returns the serial number of the current date and time 
NPER 
Financial 




Returns the number of periods for an investment 
NPV 
Financial 




Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate 
NUMBERVALUE 
Text 

2013 


Converts text to number in a localeindependent manner 
OCT2BIN 
Engineering 




Converts an octal number to binary 
OCT2DEC 
Engineering 




Converts an octal number to decimal 
OCT2HEX 
Engineering 




Converts an octal number to hexadecimal 
ODD 
Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer 
ODDFPRICE 
Financial 




Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period 
ODDFYIELD 
Financial 




Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period 
ODDLPRICE 
Financial 




Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period 
ODDLYIELD 
Financial 




Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period 
Lookup and reference 



Returns a reference offset from a given reference 

OR 
Logical 




Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE 
PDURATION 
Financial 

2013 


Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value 
PEARSON 
Statistical 




Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient 
PERCENTILE 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the kth percentile of values in a range 
PERCENTILE.EXC 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the kth percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive 
PERCENTILE.INC 
Statistical 




Returns the kth percentile of values in a range 
PERCENTRANK 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set 
PERCENTRANK.EXC 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set 
PERCENTRANK.INC 
Statistical 




Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set 
PERMUT 
Statistical 




Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects 
PERMUTATIONA 
Statistical 

2013 


Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects 
PHI 
Statistical 

2013 


Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution 
PHONETIC 
Text 




Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string 
PI 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the value of pi 
Financial 




Returns the periodic payment for an annuity 

POISSON 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the Poisson distribution 
POISSON.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the Poisson distribution 
POWER 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the result of a number raised to a power 
PPMT 
Financial 




Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period 
PRICE 
Financial 




Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest 
PRICEDISC 
Financial 




Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security 
PRICEMAT 
Financial 




Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity 
PROB 
Statistical 




Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits 
PRODUCT 
Math and trigonometry 




Multiplies its arguments 
PROPER 
Text 




Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value 
PV 
Financial 




Returns the present value of an investment 
QUARTILE 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the quartile of a data set 
QUARTILE.EXC 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive 
QUARTILE.INC 
Statistical 




Returns the quartile of a data set 
QUOTIENT 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the integer portion of a division 
RADIANS 
Math and trigonometry 




Converts degrees to radians 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns a random number between 0 and 1 

Math and trigonometry 




Returns a random number between the numbers you specify 

Statistical 
x 



Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers 

RANK.AVG 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers 
RANK.EQ 
Statistical 




Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers 
RATE 
Financial 




Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity 
RECEIVED 
Financial 




Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security 
REGISTER.ID 
Addin and Automation 




Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered 
Text 



Replaces characters within text 

Text 



Repeats text a given number of times 

Text 




Returns the rightmost characters from a text value 

Math and trigonometry 




Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text 

Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number to a specified number of digits 

Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number down, toward zero 

Math and trigonometry 




Rounds a number up, away from zero 

Lookup and reference 




Returns the row number of a reference 

ROWS 
Lookup and reference 




Returns the number of rows in a reference 
RRI 
Financial 

2013 


Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment 
RSQ 
Statistical 




Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient 
RTD 
Lookup and reference 




Retrieves realtime data from a program that supports COM automation 
Text 



Finds one text value within another (not casesensitive) 

SEC 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the secant of an angle 
SECH 
Math and trigonometry 

2013 


Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle 
SECOND 
Date and time 




Converts a serial number to a second 
SERIESSUM 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula 
Information 

2013 


Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet 

Information 

2013 


Returns the number of sheets in a reference 

SIGN 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sign of a number 
SIN 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sine of the given angle 
SINH 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number 
SKEW 
Statistical 




Returns the skewness of a distribution 
SKEW.P 
Statistical 

2013 


Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population; a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean 
SLN 
Financial 




Returns the straightline depreciation of an asset for one period 
SLOPE 
Statistical 




Returns the slope of the linear regression line 
Statistical 




Returns the kth smallest value in a data set 

SQL.REQUEST 
Addin and Automation 




Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming 
SQRT 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns a positive square root 
SQRTPI 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the square root of (number * pi) 
STANDARDIZE 
Statistical 




Returns a normalized value 
STDEV 
Statistical 
x 



Estimates standard deviation based on a sample 
STDEV.P 
Statistical 




Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population 
STDEV.S 
Statistical 




Estimates standard deviation based on a sample 
STDEVA 
Statistical 




Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values 
STDEVP 
Statistical 
x 



Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population 
STDEVPA 
Statistical 




Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values 
STEYX 
Statistical 




Returns the standard error of the predicted yvalue for each x in the regression 
Text 



Substitutes new text for old text in a text string 

Math and trigonometry 




Returns a subtotal in a list or database 

Math and trigonometry 




Adds its arguments 

Math and trigonometry 




Adds the cells specified by a given criteria 

Math and trigonometry 

2007 


Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria 

Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components 

SUMSQ 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments 
SUMX2MY2 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays 
SUMX2PY2 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays 
SUMXMY2 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays 
SYD 
Financial 




Returns the sumofyears' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period 
Text 



Converts its arguments to text 

T.DIST 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student tdistribution 
T.DIST.2T 
Statistical 




Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student tdistribution 
T.DIST.RT 
Statistical 




Returns the Student's tdistribution 
T.INV 
Statistical 

2010 


Returns the tvalue of the Student's tdistribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom 
T.INV.2T 
Statistical 




Returns the inverse of the Student's tdistribution 
T.TEST 
Statistical 




Returns the probability associated with a Student's ttest 
TAN 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the tangent of a number 
TANH 
Math and trigonometry 




Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number 
TBILLEQ 
Financial 




Returns the bondequivalent yield for a Treasury bill 
TBILLPRICE 
Financial 




Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill 
TBILLYIELD 
Financial 




Returns the yield for a Treasury bill 
TDIST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the Student's tdistribution 
Text 




Formats a number and converts it to text 

TIME 
Date and time 




Returns the serial number of a particular time 
TIMEVALUE 
Date and time 




Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number 
TINV 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the inverse of the Student's tdistribution 
TODAY 
Date and time 




Returns the serial number of today's date 
Lookup and reference 



Returns the transpose of an array 

TREND 
Statistical 




Returns values along a linear trend 
Text 



Removes spaces from text 

Statistical 




Returns the mean of the interior of a data set 

TRUE 
Logical 




Returns the logical value TRUE 
TRUNC 
Math and trigonometry 




Truncates a number to an integer 
TTEST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the probability associated with a Student's ttest 
Information 



Returns a number indicating the data type of a value 

UNICHAR 
Text 

2013 


Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value 
UNICODE 
Text 

2013 


Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text 
UPPER 
Text 




Converts text to uppercase 
VALUE 
Text 




Converts a text argument to a number 
VAR 
Statistical 
x 



Estimates variance based on a sample 
VAR.P 
Statistical 




Calculates variance based on the entire population 
VAR.S 
Statistical 




Estimates variance based on a sample 
VARA 
Statistical 




Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values 
VARP 
Statistical 
x 



Calculates variance based on the entire population 
VARPA 
Statistical 




Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values 
VDB 
Financial 




Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method 
Lookup and reference 



Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell 

WEBSERVICE 
Web 

2013 


Returns data from a web service. 
Date and time 




Converts a serial number to a day of the week 

Date and time 




Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year 

WEIBULL 
Statistical 
x 



Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values 
WEIBULL.DIST 
Statistical 




Returns the Weibull distribution 
Date and time 




Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays 

Date and time 

2010 


Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days 

XIRR 
Financial 




Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic 
XNPV 
Financial 




Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic 
XOR 
Logical 

2013 


Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments 
Date and time 




Converts a serial number to a year 

YEARFRAC 
Date and time 




Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date 
YIELD 
Financial 




Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest 
YIELDDISC 
Financial 




Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill 
YIELDMAT 
Financial 




Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity 
Z.TEST 
Statistical 




Returns the onetailed probabilityvalue of a ztest 
ZTEST 
Statistical 
x 



Returns the onetailed probabilityvalue of a ztest 
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Last updated: February 13, 2019 2:12 PM
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